How to Schedule and Automate SQL Server Express Backup Database and Purge them Automatically


I will explain How to Schedule and Automate Database Backups in SQL Server Express edition in this article.


SQL Server Express is a free edition and is available with a number of restrictions. For example; Your database size should not exceed 10GB and there are restrictions, such as SQL Server Agent is disabled, Auto tasks are disabled. For more information about SQL Server editions, read following article.


SQL Server Agent provides automatic backup jobs, Maintenance tasks in Enterprise, Standard, etc. editions and run our jobs. Since we cannot use this in Express, we can provide automatic backup using Windows Scheduler.

Open Windows Task Scheduler and click New Scheduler Task and type Task name and other settings like following.




Specify Scheduler and when will it trigger in this step.



In this step, specify what the Task scheduler will run. We will trigger a file called BackupDB.bat and BackupDB.bat will call and run DailyBackup.sql




When the job is running, it takes backup at 02:00 every night and keeps 4 backups and purge backups older than 4 days as follows.





Contents of BackupDB.bat are like following.


echo off

sqlcmd -S "INSTANCE_NAME" -i "C:\Backup\DailyBackup.sql"
forfiles -p "C:\Backup" -s -m *.bak* /D -4 /C "cmd /c del @path"




Contents of DailyBackup.sql are like following.


DECLARE @pathName NVARCHAR(512) 
SET @pathName = 'C:\Backup\DB_BACKUP_' + replace(convert(varchar, getdate(),111),'/','') + replace(convert(varchar, getdate(),108),':','') + '.bak' 



Task scheduler is going to trigger BackupDB.bat file at night 02:00 . This file is also executing DailyBackup.sql. Job will take database backup and purge older backup in the SQL Server Express edition.




Do you want to learn Microsoft SQL Server DBA Tutorials for Beginners, then read the following articles.

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About Mehmet Salih Deveci

I am Founder of SysDBASoft IT and IT Tutorial and Certified Expert about Oracle & SQL Server database, Goldengate, Exadata Machine, Oracle Database Appliance administrator with 10+years experience. I have OCA, OCP, OCE RAC Expert Certificates I have worked 100+ Banking, Insurance, Finance, Telco and etc. clients as a Consultant, Insource or Outsource. I have done 200+ Operations in this clients such as Exadata Installation & PoC & Migration & Upgrade, Oracle & SQL Server Database Upgrade, Oracle RAC Installation, SQL Server AlwaysOn Installation, Database Migration, Disaster Recovery, Backup Restore, Performance Tuning, Periodic Healthchecks. I have done 2000+ Table replication with Goldengate or SQL Server Replication tool for DWH Databases in many clients. If you need Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS Consultancy and Training you can send my email adress -                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 - Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS ve linux Danışmanlık ve Eğitim için a mail atabilirsiniz.

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