Introduction to Oracle SQL | Oracle SQL Tutorials -1


I will explain Introduction to Oracle SQL in this post of Oracle SQL Tutorial series.

If you don’t know what is the database and Why database, you can read the following posts before this.

What is the Database, Why Database ?

What is the Database and Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)




SQL is not a programming language like C, JAVA, C ++ it is a sub language used in databases such as Oracle, MYSQL , SQL SERVER .

SQL is a query language that is used to add , delete , access and update data in a database .


  • Creating , modifying database objects ,

  • Controlling access to database, objects ,

  • Modeling , managing data sets ,

  • Data query , add , delete operations are performed .




  • Allows users to define and modify data .

  • Allows users to set permissions on tables , views .

  • Allows users to access data from relational database management systems .

  • Allows modules to be embedded in different languages .

  • Security, performance , data recovery features are the main features that are effective in choosing sql .

  • Provides quick processing of data and easy querying .




SQL commands are categorized into 3 sections according to their functions :

  • DML (Data Manipulation Language) : Data processing language . For managing data with in table or schema objects (SELECT , UPDATE , INSERT , MERGE , DELETE , CALL)

  • DCL (Data Control Language) : Data control language . Used to set authorization or privileges . (GRANT,REVOKE)

  • DDL (Data Definition Language) : Data definition language . Used to define tables, database structures, or schemas . (CREATE , TRUNCATE , ALTER , COMMENT , DROP , RENAME)

  • TCL (Transaction Control) : The process is the control language . For managing changes made by DML . (COMMIT , SAVEPOINT , ROLLBACK)




  • SQL statements do not distinguish between upper and lower case .

  • Keywords cannot be abbreviated or divided into lines (keywords : Select , From , etc.) .

  • Expressions are usually in separate lines .

  • Typically , key expressions are written in capital letters .

  • Date and character type data is written to the left and numeric data is written adjacent to the right .


Most Important SQL Commands are as follows.

  • SELECT – query or extracts data from a database
  • INSERT INTO – inserts data or records into a database
  • UPDATE – updates and modify any data in a database
  • DELETE – deletes any data from a database
  • CREATE TABLE – creates a new table on Database
  • ALTER TABLE – modifies any propery of table
  • DROP TABLE – remove and purge a table
  • CREATE INDEX – creates an index
  • DROP INDEX – remove an index
  • CREATE DATABASE – creates a new database on Instance
  • ALTER DATABASE – change any propery of a database



Do you want to learn Oracle Database for Beginners, then read the following articles.

Oracle Tutorial | Oracle Database Tutorials for Beginners ( Junior Oracle DBA )

About Mehmet Salih Deveci

I am Founder of SysDBASoft IT and IT Tutorial and Certified Expert about Oracle & SQL Server database, Goldengate, Exadata Machine, Oracle Database Appliance administrator with 10+years experience.I have OCA, OCP, OCE RAC Expert Certificates I have worked 100+ Banking, Insurance, Finance, Telco and etc. clients as a Consultant, Insource or Outsource.I have done 200+ Operations in this clients such as Exadata Installation & PoC & Migration & Upgrade, Oracle & SQL Server Database Upgrade, Oracle RAC Installation, SQL Server AlwaysOn Installation, Database Migration, Disaster Recovery, Backup Restore, Performance Tuning, Periodic Healthchecks.I have done 2000+ Table replication with Goldengate or SQL Server Replication tool for DWH Databases in many clients.If you need Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS Consultancy and Training you can send my email adress [email protected].-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS ve linux Danışmanlık ve Eğitim için  [email protected] a mail atabilirsiniz.

One comment

  1. Also, I found delphi language guide if someone needs such information.

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