ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option


Sometimes You can get “ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option ” error.


Details of error are as follows.

ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option

Cause: A normal database open was attempted, but the database has not been upgraded to the current server version.

Action: Use the UPGRADE option when opening the database to run catupgrd.sql (for database upgrade), or to run catalog.sql and catproc.sql (after initial database creation).

SQL> startup;

ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 1954160640 bytes
Fixed Size                  2227752 bytes
Variable Size            1325400536 bytes
Database Buffers          620756992 bytes
Redo Buffers                5775360 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00704: bootstrap process failure
ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option
Process ID: 22861
Session ID: 1705 Serial number: 5


This error is related with the database that was recently upgraded  from to


To solve this error, you should correct the environment variables to point to the correct ORACLE_HOME, PATH ( Oracle 12c ) etc and rerun catupgrd.sql as follows.


nohup $ORACLE_HOME/perl/bin/perl $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catctl.pl -d $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin -l /home/oracle/ -n 8 catupgrd.sql &


oracle@MehmetSalih ~DEVECI(/home/oracle)$  nohup $ORACLE_HOME/perl/bin/perl $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catctl.pl -d $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin -l /home/oracle/ -n 8 catupgrd.sql &

Argument list for [/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.2.0/db_1/rdbms/admin/catctl.pl]
For Oracle internal use only A = 0
Run in c = 0


Read the following post to learn detailed how to upgrade any database.

Manual Upgrade Oracle Database From to without DBUA


Do you want to learn Oracle Database for Beginners, then read the following articles.


About Mehmet Salih Deveci

I am Founder of SysDBASoft IT and IT Tutorial and Certified Expert about Oracle & SQL Server database, Goldengate, Exadata Machine, Oracle Database Appliance administrator with 10+years experience.I have OCA, OCP, OCE RAC Expert Certificates I have worked 100+ Banking, Insurance, Finance, Telco and etc. clients as a Consultant, Insource or Outsource.I have done 200+ Operations in this clients such as Exadata Installation & PoC & Migration & Upgrade, Oracle & SQL Server Database Upgrade, Oracle RAC Installation, SQL Server AlwaysOn Installation, Database Migration, Disaster Recovery, Backup Restore, Performance Tuning, Periodic Healthchecks.I have done 2000+ Table replication with Goldengate or SQL Server Replication tool for DWH Databases in many clients.If you need Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS Consultancy and Training you can send my email adress [email protected].-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS ve linux Danışmanlık ve Eğitim için  [email protected] a mail atabilirsiniz.

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