I got ” ORA-27102: out of memory ” error in Oracle database.
ORA-27102: out of memory
Details of error are as follows.
ORA-27102: out of memory Cause: Out of memory Action: Consult the trace file for details
When trying to increase the SGA to approach half available RAM with an Oracle 64-bit version on a Linux 64-bit operating system, even though SHMMAX is set to match half the amount of RAM, you get the following error when trying to start the instance: SQL> startup nomount ORA-27102: out of memory Linux-x86_64 Error: 28: No space left on device
out of memory
This ORA-27102 errors are related with the Out of memory.
shmall is too small, most likely is set to the default setting of 2097152
$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmall 2097152
SHMALL is the total amount of shared memory, in pages, that the system can use at one time.
To solve this error, Set SHMALL equal to the sum of all the SGAs on the system, divided by the page size.
The page size can be determined using the following command:
$ getconf PAGE_SIZE 4096
For example, if the sum of all the SGAs on the system is 16Gb and the result of ‘$ getconf PAGE_SIZE’ is 4096 (4Kb) then set shmall to 4194304 pages
As the root user set the SHMALL to 4194304 in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
kernel.shmall = 4194304
then run the following command:
$ sysctl -p $ cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmall 4194304
The above command loads the new value and a reboot is not necessary.
Switch back to the oracle user and retry the startup command.
Modifying /etc/sysctl.conf is a permanent workaround (applies at boot time). If for some reason you DO NOT want to change the system wide configuration, you can do it on the fly by directly changing the kernel pseudo FS AKA procfs.
e.g. echo "4194304" > /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
Using HUGEPAGES does not alter the calculation for configuring shmall.
Or you can remove SGA_* parameters from your pfile and set MEMORY_MAX_TARGET=500M MEMORY_TARGET=500M , then save pfile and restart database.
SQL> startup nomount pfile='/home/oracle/pfile.ora'; SQL> alter database mount; SQL> alter database open;
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