ORA-27054: NFS file system where the file is created or resides is not mounted with correct options

I got ” ORA-27054: NFS file system where the file is created or resides is not mounted with correct options”  error in Oracle database.

 

ORA-27054: NFS file system where the file is created or resides is not mounted with correct options

 

Details of error are as follows.

ORA-27054: NFS file system where the file is created or resides is not mounted with correct options

Cause: The file was on an NFS partition and either reading the mount tab file failed or the partition was not mounted with the correct mount option.

Action: Make sure mount tab file has read access for Oracle user and the NFS partition where the file resides is mounted correctly. For the list of mount options to use refer to your platform specific documentation. 
ORA-27054  ERRORS WHEN RUNNING RMAN WITH NFS

Starting Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 01-AUG-06
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS

===========================================================
RMAN-03009: failure of Control File and SPFILE Autobackup command on ORA_DISK_2
channel at 08/01/2006 16:43:49
ORA-19504: failed to create file "/u60/rman/nitfq/cntrl/nitfq_c-4256538111-20060801-02"
ORA-27054: NFS file system where the file is created or resides is not mounted  with correct options Additional information: 2
 

 

 

 

 

NFS file system where the file is created or resides is not mounted with correct options

This ORA-27054 error is related with the file was on an NFS partition and either reading the mount tab file failed or the partition was not mounted with the correct mount option.

 

Cause 1: – Mount Options are Correct but still getting the errors (Bug 5146667 )

From  Oracle 10G R2 , Oracle checks the options with which a NFS mount is mounted on the filesystem. and this is done to ensure that no corruption of the database can happen as incorrectly mounted NFS volumes can result in data corruption.

There are no single set of NFS mount options that work across all Oracle platforms
Please ensure that you have the proper mount options specified by the NAS vendor /Vendor user guide

The exact checks used for an NFS mounted disk vary between platforms but in general the basic checks will include the following checks

a) The mount table (eg; /etc/mnttab) can be read to check the mount options
b) The NFS mount is mounted with the “hard” option
c) The mount options include rsize>=32768 and wsize>=32768
d) For RAC environments, where NFS disks are supported, the “noac” mount option is used.

Please refer the section — NFS Mount Options in Oracle Database Installation Guide10g Release 2 (10.2)
If you have  ensured that the mount  options are appropriate and still getting the errors then you are encountering symptoms as  in Bug 5146667   Fixed In Ver: 11.0. 0.0

And this  issues is  found to be  port specific and reproducable on Solaris

 

 

Solution 1 :-

 

To implement the solution, please execute the following steps:

From the errors that we see from the RMAN stack this looks like Bug 5146667

This behaviour has been observed on Solaris and AIX Platform.

 

 

A) WORKAROUND:

As suggested in the bug  the workaround recommended is to use the Event 10298.

sql> alter system set events '10298 trace name context forever, level 32';

or

sql> alter system set events '10298 trace name context forever, level 32' scope=spfile;


or:
  Set the following event in the init.ora
      event="10298 trace name context forever, level 32"

Then try the backups again

Note: If you set the event with scope=spfile, then same as with init.ora change,
you have to restart the instance for the event to be recognized.

 

B) PATCH
Check if a  one off patch for 10.2.0.1 for your platform is available
Please follow next steps to download and test it :

 

Use the following link to download the Patch Patch 5146667

# Once the patch is shown as applied – you can disable/remove the event

   ( SQL> alter system set events '10298 trace name context off ' ; )

 

 

Cause 2:- NFS server is on RH3 (kernel 3)  which does support only 8K rsize and wsize while the blocksize of  the database is 16K.

The same error appears when one datafile is added to any tablespace and the datafile is being created on  NFS.

The database was upgraded from version 10.2.0.3 to version 10.2.0.4.0.

 

This is a Vendor specific issue.

 

NFS server is on RH3 (kernel 3)  which does support only 8K rsize and wsize while the blocksize of  the database is 16K.

 

 

Solution 2 :-

Please check with the system admin, why /proc/mounts show only 8K for rsize  and wsize and upgrade the kernel to 2.6 for their 16K database  block size.

 

Reference :-
BUG:7517843 – ORA-19504 ORA-27054 DURING THE BACKUP AFTER UPGRADE TO 10.2.0.4
http://kbase.redhat.com/faq/FAQ_45_9192.shtm

 

 

Cause 3 :-  Bug 9244583

Running a backup to the same NFS filesystem,  from 11.1 and 10.2 databases works fine, but if we execute the backup from 11.2.0.1 database the above errors are raised.

 

This problem has been reported in the following bug:

Bug 9244583  ORA-27054 ERRORS WHEN RUNNING RMAN WITH NFS IN 11.2

There are multiple entries in /etc/mnttab for the mount point in question and we use the auto-mount entry and since this entry fails the option checks we raise the ORA-27054 error and never encounter the “real” entry for the file system mount.

 

Solution 3 :-

 



1.- Apply the patch to fix bug 9244583, the patch can be downloaded from MOS.

or

2.- Use the workaround:

 

 

Set the following event in the init.ora parameter file:

event=”10298 trace name context forever, level 32″ in the init.ora/spfile and restart the instance.

If using spfile define  the event from sqlplus



SQL> alter system set event='10298 trace name context forever, level 32' scope=spfile;

 

 

Cause 4 :- Incorrect setup for NFS mount in AIX

 

Solution 4 :-

 

This seems to be a limitation on AIX platforms. All mount point information is supposed to be present in the ‘/etc/filesystems’ file located on the system.

When mount information is not present in this file it can lead to errors.

The behavior is described in base bug:

Bug 6403001 – ORA-27054 ERROR WHEN BACKING UP DATABASE WITH RMAN TO AN NFS MOUNT

closed as ‘OS-Vendor problem’, specific for AIX platforms.

So check and add the NFS mount point entry is in /etc/filesystems.

Reference :-

BUG:6403001 – ORA-27054 ERROR WHEN BACKING UP DATABASE WITH RMAN TO AN NFS MOUNT
NOTE:420582.1 – WRONG MOUNT OPTIONS AIX

 

 

 

Cause 5 :- Using NFS Mount point on a Netapp Filer on Solaris 10

 

Solution 5 :-

 

Notes from the SA:

By default, Solaris 10 uses NFS v4. This is specified (and configured) in /etc/default/nfs.

On the filer, nfs.v4 was not enabled by default:

filer2> options nfs
.
.
nfs.v3.enable on
nfs.v4.acl.enable off
nfs.v4.enable off
nfs.v4.id.domain xxxxx � masked
nfs.v4.read_delegation off
nfs.v4.write_delegation off
.
.
filer2> options nfs.v4.enable on

  

On the Solaris 10 host

  

-bash-3.00# nfsstat -m
/backup from filer2:/vol/nfs_erp_backup
Flags:
vers=4,proto=tcp,sec=sys,hard,intr,link,symlink,acl,rsize=32768,wsize=32768,retrans=5,timeo=600
Attr cache: acregmin=3,acregmax=60,acdirmin=30,acdirmax=60

The default rsize/wsize settings for NFS v4 appears to be 64K, so we set to 32K in /etc/vfstab since that was what we could find reference to:



-bash-3.00# grep backup /etc/vfstab
filer2:/vol/nfs_erp_backup - /backup nfs - yes
rw,bg,intr,hard,timeo=600,wsize=32768,rsize=32768,proto=tcp

We also enabled nfs.v4.acl.enable to address a setfacl issue:

filer2> options nfs.v4.acl.enable on

Then we added /etc/passwd & /etc/group entries on the filer.

  

This appears to have resolved our RMAN to NFS issues on Solaris 10 to NetApp and our setfacl issues.

 

 

 

 

Do you want to learn Oracle Database for Beginners, then read the following articles.

Oracle Tutorial | Oracle Database Tutorials for Beginners ( Junior Oracle DBA )

 

 136 views last month,  6 views today

About Mehmet Salih Deveci

I am Founder of SysDBASoft IT and IT Tutorial and Certified Expert about Oracle & SQL Server database, Goldengate, Exadata Machine, Oracle Database Appliance administrator with 10+years experience.I have OCA, OCP, OCE RAC Expert Certificates I have worked 100+ Banking, Insurance, Finance, Telco and etc. clients as a Consultant, Insource or Outsource.I have done 200+ Operations in this clients such as Exadata Installation & PoC & Migration & Upgrade, Oracle & SQL Server Database Upgrade, Oracle RAC Installation, SQL Server AlwaysOn Installation, Database Migration, Disaster Recovery, Backup Restore, Performance Tuning, Periodic Healthchecks.I have done 2000+ Table replication with Goldengate or SQL Server Replication tool for DWH Databases in many clients.If you need Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS Consultancy and Training you can send my email adress [email protected].-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS ve linux Danışmanlık ve Eğitim için  [email protected] a mail atabilirsiniz.

Leave a Reply