Introduction to gensim (Python)

What is gensim?

  • Popular open-source NLP library
  • Uses top academic models to perform complex tasks
    • Building document or word vectors
    • Performing topic identification and document comparison

A word embedding or vector is trained from a larger corpus and is a multi-dimensional representation of a word or document.

For example in this graphic we can see that the vector operation king minus queen is approximately equal to man minus woman. Or that Spain is to Madrid as Italy is to Rome

 

Gensim allows you to build corpora and dictionaries using simple classes and functions. A corpus (or if plural, corpora) is a set of texts used to help perform NLP tasks.

Let’s continue by example,

!!pip install -U gensim
from gensim.corpora.dictionary import Dictionary
from nltk.tokenize import word_tokenize

 

my_documents = ['The movie was about a spaceship and aliens.',
'I really liked the movie!',
'Awesome action scenes, but boring characters.',
'The movie was awful! I hate alien films.',
'Space is cool! I liked the movie.',
'More space films, please!',]

 

Preprocessing steps. For better results, we would want to apply more of preprocessing such as removing punctuation and stop words.

 

tokenized_docs = [word_tokenize(doc.lower()) ...: for doc in my_documents]

This will create a mapping with an id for each token

dictionary = Dictionary(tokenized_docs)

We can take a look at the  tokens and their ids by looking at the token2id attribute,  which is a dictionary of all of our tokens and their respective ids in our new dictionary.

dictionary.token2id

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Creating a gensim corpus

corpus = [dictionary.doc2bow(doc) for doc in tokenized_docs]

corpus

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Here we can see that the Gensim corpus is a list of lists, each list item representing one document.

  • gensim models can be easily saved, updated, and reused
  • Our dictionary can also be updated
  • This more advanced and feature rich bag-of-words can be used in future exercises

 

See you in the next article..

 

Introduction to Natural Language Processing in Python – (Simple text preprocessing)

 

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About Deniz Parlak

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Hi, i’m Security Data Scientist & Data Engineer at My Security Analytics. I have experienced Advance Python, Machine Learning and Big Data tools. Also i worked Oracle Database Administration, Migration and upgrade projects. For your questions parlak.deniss@gmail.com

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