Gather Schema Stats using DBMS_STATS.GATHER_SCHEMA_STATS in Oracle

I will explain Gather Schema Stats using DBMS_STATS.GATHER_SCHEMA_STATS in Oracle in this post.

 

 

Gather Schema Stats using DBMS_STATS.GATHER_SCHEMA_STATS

DBMS_STATS package was introduced in Oracle 8i and used to gather Database,table,Schema,dictionary and fixed object statistic in Oracle database.

 

 

 

 

Statistic of objects should be up to date in Oracle database for Oracle optimizer. Because Oracle optimizer uses database statistics to generate lots of execution plans in same time and If statistics are up to date ,then Optimizer decide correct execution plans.

 

 

If you have done lots of change on any schema, you need to gather schema stats.

 

Gather Schema stats syntax is as follows.

 

DBMS_STATS.GATHER_SCHEMA_STATS ( 
   ownname          VARCHAR2, 
   estimate_percent NUMBER   DEFAULT to_estimate_percent_type 
                                                (get_param('ESTIMATE_PERCENT')), 
   block_sample     BOOLEAN  DEFAULT FALSE, 
   method_opt       VARCHAR2 DEFAULT get_param('METHOD_OPT'),
   degree           NUMBER   DEFAULT to_degree_type(get_param('DEGREE')), 
   granularity      VARCHAR2 DEFAULT GET_PARAM('GRANULARITY'), 
   cascade          BOOLEAN  DEFAULT to_cascade_type(get_param('CASCADE')), 
   stattab          VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL, 
   statid           VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL, 
   options          VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'GATHER', 
   objlist          OUT      ObjectTab,
   statown          VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL, 
   no_invalidate    BOOLEAN  DEFAULT to_no_invalidate_type (
                                     get_param('NO_INVALIDATE')),
  force             BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE,
  obj_filter_list  ObjectTab DEFAULT NULL);


 

To gather Schema stats, use following script.

EXEC DBMS_STATS.gather_schema_stats('SCHEMA_NAME', estimate_percent => 25, cascade => TRUE);

 

EXEC DBMS_STATS.gather_schema_stats('MEHMET', estimate_percent => 25, cascade => TRUE);

 

 

 

Gather Schema Stats Job

You can gather schema stats periodically using the dbms jobs, thus Oracle will gather the schema jobs everytime, and the schema stats will be up to date.

 

 

You can use the following  script for the schema stats job. This job will run every Sunday at 11 am.

 

SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
DECLARE
l_job NUMBER;
BEGIN
SELECT MAX (job) + 1 INTO l_job FROM dba_jobs;
DBMS_JOB.submit(l_job,
'BEGIN DBMS_STATS.gather_schema_stats(''MEHMET'',estimate_percent => dbms_stats.auto_sample_size, degree=>32 ); END;',
trunc(next_day(SYSDATE,'SUNDAY'))+11/24,
'TRUNC (SYSDATE+7)+11/24');
COMMIT;
DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('Job: ' || l_job);
END;
/

 

 

 

Read the following post to learn more details about DBMS_STATS.

Gather Database Stats , Schema Stats & Dictionary and Fixed Object Statistics via DBMS_STATS in Oracle

 

 

 

Do you want to learn Oracle Database for Beginners, then read the following articles.

Oracle Tutorial | Oracle Database Tutorials for Beginners ( Junior Oracle DBA )

 

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About Mehmet Salih Deveci

I am Founder of SysDBASoft IT and IT Tutorial and Certified Expert about Oracle & SQL Server database, Goldengate, Exadata Machine, Oracle Database Appliance administrator with 10+years experience.I have OCA, OCP, OCE RAC Expert Certificates I have worked 100+ Banking, Insurance, Finance, Telco and etc. clients as a Consultant, Insource or Outsource.I have done 200+ Operations in this clients such as Exadata Installation & PoC & Migration & Upgrade, Oracle & SQL Server Database Upgrade, Oracle RAC Installation, SQL Server AlwaysOn Installation, Database Migration, Disaster Recovery, Backup Restore, Performance Tuning, Periodic Healthchecks.I have done 2000+ Table replication with Goldengate or SQL Server Replication tool for DWH Databases in many clients.If you need Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS Consultancy and Training you can send my email adress [email protected].-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 -Oracle DBA, SQL Server DBA, APPS DBA,  Exadata, Goldengate, EBS ve linux Danışmanlık ve Eğitim için  [email protected] a mail atabilirsiniz.

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